Spanish Future Tense

How to Use the Spanish Future Tense

We can’t deny that Spanish verb tenses are hard. First of all, there are a lot of them, which makes it difficult to remember. Also, sometimes, they don’t have their equivalents in English, like what happens with the subjunctive. Luckily, this doesn’t really happen with the Spanish future tense.

In fact, the future tenses in Spanish are quite similar to English. Look at the following examples:

  • Comeré paella mañana. → I will eat paella tomorrow.
  • Voy a comer paella mañana. → I am going to eat paella tomorrow.
  • Estaré comiendo paella mañana. → I will be eating paella tomorrow.
  • Habré comido paella mañana.→ I will have eaten paella tomorrow.

As you see, you can translate literally all these sentences. However, things are not always simple.

Learn here how to use the Spanish future tense to talk about either your future plans or what may happen in the future, among with other situations.

Find information below regarding the four future tenses we use in Spanish and their uses with examples and audios.

Spanish Future Tense

In Spanish, there are mainly four future tenses:

  • Simple future.
  • Future with ir + a.
  • Future progressive.
  • Future perfect.

The Simple Future Tense

The simple future tense corresponds to ‘shall’, ‘will’, ‘might’, ‘may’ in English.

We mainly use the simple future tense in four situations:

TO TALK ABOUT FUTURE PLANS

Firstly, the simple future tense is used to express actions which will happen in the immediate and remote future.

When something is happening in the near future and there is an element that indicates future time, you can also use the present tense.

EXAMPLES
  • Iremos a la fiesta de cumpleaños.→ We will go to the birthday party.
  • Viajaré a España el año que viene.→ I am traveling to Spain next year.

INTENTION OR PREDICTION

Secondly, if you are going to talk what may happen in the future, you can use this tense too.

EXAMPLES
  • Creo que lloverá esta noche. → I think it will rain tonight.
  • Aprobaré el examen. → I will pass the text.

CONJECTURES, POSSIBILITIES AND PROBABILITIES

In addition, you can use the simple future tense to talk about conjecture, possibilities and probabilities in the present or future. Context will determine if it refers to the present or future.

EXAMPLES
  • ¿Quién llamará?→ I wonder who’s calling or who will call?
  • Serán las tres de la tarde.→ It must be 3pm or it’s probably 3pm.

TO DESCRIBE FUTURE ACTION THAT IS STATED BY A CONDITION

Finally, you can also use the simple future tense in conditional sentences.

Here, the sentence that starts with ‘si’ is in the present tense and the other one, in the simple future tense.

EXAMPLES
  • Si llueve, te mojarás. → If it rains, you will get wet.
  • Si tengo tiempo, iré al concierto.→ If I have time, I will go to the concert.

The Future with ir + a

This form is translated as ‘to be going to’ in English.

When you form a sentence with ‘ir + a’ expresses actions that are going to happen in the near future.

EXAMPLES
  • Voy a bailar mañana. → I am going to dance tomorrow.
  • Va a llover. → It is going to rain.

The Future Progressive Tense

The future progressive corresponds to ‘will be -ing’ in English.

It expresses two types of actions:

EVENTS THAT WILL BE HAPPENING AT CERTAIN TIME IN THE FUTURE

EXAMPLES
  • Mañana a las 8 estaremos trabajando. → We will be working tomorrow at 8.
  • A esta hora mañana estaremos viajando a España. → This time tomorrow we will be traveling to Spain.

CONJECTURES, POSSIBILITIES AND PROBABILITIES IN THE PRESENT

EXAMPLES
  • Estarán trabajando ahora. → They must be working now or they are probably working now.
  • ¿Quién estará llamando? → I wonder who’s calling.

The Future Perfect

The future perfect corresponds to ‘will have + past participle’, ‘must have + past participle’, ‘may have + past participle’,’might have + past participle’, ‘could have + past participle’.

You use it to talk about:

AN EVENT THAT WILL BE COMPLETED IN THE FUTURE

The future perfect indicates an event that will have finished before another action occurs in the future or before a particular point in the future.

EXAMPLES
  • Para cuando llegue, ellos ya habrán comido. → By the time I arrive, they will already have eaten.
  • Habré acabado mis clases para enero. → I will have finished my classes by January.

CONJECTURES, POSSIBILITIES AND PROBABILITIES IN THE PAST

When we are guessing about what could have happened in the past, we use the future perfect.

EXAMPLES
  • Ana habrá trabajado hasta tarde. → Ana must have worked until late.
  • Habrá pasado algo. → Something may has happened.

Final Thoughts

Hopefully, this post help you understand the Spanish future tense.

I advise you to practice with the examples here and try to make up some others.

If you want, I can help you practice the future tenses in Spanish by using them while having a conversation during my online Spanish conversation classes.

In addition, we can practice in the comment section below by answering the following questions: What are your plans for the future? What is the weather going to be like in your city? or will you be studying Spanish tomorrow at this time?


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