Catalanism

Catalanism - Words You Should Learn Before Visiting Catalonia (Spain)

Like in English, Spanish has adopted words from other languages. One of those languages is Catalan, a language spoken in the autonomous community of Catalonia, Spain. A word adopted from this language is called a Catalanism.

Find here a list of the most common Catalanisms from Catalonia you may hear in Spanish.

Catalanism Definition

According to R.A.E., Catalanism (or catalanismo in Spanish) is a “palabra, locución, giro, etc., peculiar o procedente del catalán“.  In other words,  a word or phrase from Catalan.

An Example

Here is a typical conversation you may hear in Catalonia:

ANA: Ayer te “piqué” y no estabas en casa.

PEPE: Si que estaba, lo que pasa es que el “lampista” había venido y no pude contestarte. Lo siento.

ANA: ¿Por qué estaba el “lampista” en tu casa?

PEPE: Porque el grifo de la cocina no dejaba de gotear. Y encima ahora, las “racholas” del cuarto de baño se están despegando de la pared. ¡Qué desastre!

ANA: Bueno, relájate. Si quieres cuando “plegue” puedo ir a tu casa a ayudarte con lo tengas que hacer.

PEPE: Gracias, pero no te preocupes, ya tengo ayuda.

Did you understand everything? Did you find anything different?

You may have noticed there are some words in quotation marks. These words are special words, they are called Catalanisms.

Geography

Catalonia is an autonomous community in the northeast of Spain, whose capital and largest city is Barcelona. In this region, beside Spanish, Catalan is also spoken.

Language

Spanish from Catalonia has adopted some Catalanisms, which are commonly used all around this region and in some cases, in other parts of Spain.

List of the most common Catalanisms

Here are some of the most common Catalanisms that people use in Catalonia. Get used to them, because you will probably hear them if you ever visit the area.

Please feel free to add other Catalanisms that you may know in the comment section (at the end).

Enjoy!

Abreviations: Catalanism (CATM.)

Note: *Words accepted by R.A.E.

CATM.SPANISHCATALAN
Alioli*
Ajiaceite
Allioli
Deu
Adiós
Adéu
Bamba* (Wamba®, reg. brand)
Zapatilla deportiva
Vamba
Sabatilla
Barrecha
Barrecha
Barreja
Capicúa*
Capicúa
Capicúa
Colla
Pandilla
Colla
Cursa
Carrera
Cursa
Encante*
Baratillo
Tienda de ocasión
Encant
Enchegar
Arrancar
Poner en marcha
Engegar
Enganchar
Pegar
Enganxar
Esplay
Centro recreativo
Esplai
Faena*
Tarea
Quehacer
Labor
Trabajo
Momentos de la lidia o mala pasada
Feina
Lampista
Lamparero
Hojalatero
Fontanero
Lampista
Mastresa
Patrona
Ama de casa
Mestressa
Pica
Fregadero
Pila
Pica
Picar
Llamar
Tocar a la puerta
Picar
Rachola
Baldosa
Rajola
Plegar
Acabar de trabajar
Plegar
Chafardear*
Cotillear
Chismorrear
Xafardejar
Paleta
Albañil
Paleta
Rampa*
Calambre
Rampa
Riera*
Arroyo
Riera
Rustido
Asado
Rostida
Tocho
Ladrillo
Totxo
Tornavís
Destornillador
Tornavís
Torre*
Casa de campo
Chalet
Torre
Travanqueta
Zancadilla
Traveta
Yayo/a*
Abuelo/a
Iaio/a
Ávi/a

Bibliography

Szigetvári Mónica. 1994. Catalanismos en el español actual. Retrived from: http://www.carstensinner.de/castellano/szigetvari.pdf

 

SIGN UP FOR CONVOSPANISH NEWSLETTER!

Leave a comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *