Spanish Weather vocabulary

Spanish Weather Vocabulary - Words, Verbs and Expressions

Spanish Weather Vocabulary

Wheather is something we all talk about. Most of the times, it is even a conversation starter. For example, haven’t you ever started a conversation saying something like?: What a nice day! or it is colder today. The same happens in Spanish. Also, knowing more vocabulary will always help with your speaking skills. For these reasons, I put together the most common Spanish weather vocabulary including words, verbs and expressions used to describe the weather and climate in Spanish. Below, you will find a few tables with the vocabulary and their English translations.

Weather

When you want to talk about weather in Spanish, the verbs commonly used are: haber, hacer and estar. The last is used to indicate non-permanence. As all we know, weather is not famous for its stability and thus, it is considered a non-permanent state. However, several specific verbs also exists to describe the weather, such as nevar (to snow) or llover  (to rain).

ASKING ABOUT THE WEATHER

SpanishEnglish
¿Qué tiempo hace?
What’s the weather like?
¿Cómo está el tiempo?
How’s the weather?
¿Qué día hace?
What's the day like?

NOUNS

SpanishEnglish
El bochorno
Sweltering
El calor
Hot
El chaparrón
El chubasco
Downpour
El frío
Cold
El granizo
Hail or hailstones
La granizada
Hailstorm
La humedad
Humidity
La lluvia
Rain
La llovizna
Drizzle
La niebla
Fog
La nieve
Snow
Las nubes
Clouds
La nevada
Snowfall
El sol
Sun
La tormenta
The storm
El trueno
Thunder
El viento
Wind
La ventisca
La tormenta de nieve
Blizzard
El rayo
El relámpago
Lightning (flash)

VERBS

SpanishEnglish
Granizar
To hail
Llover
To rain
Lloviznar
To dizzle
Nevar
To snow
Relampaguear
To flash lightning
Tronar
To thunder

¿QUÉ TIEMPO HACE?

You can spend a lot of time trying to figuring out what type of verb you need to use to answer this question. From my point of view, the best is to just remember the whole sentences.

SpanishEnglish
Hace bochorno
Hay bochorno
It is sweltering
Hace buen tiempo
The weather is nice
Hace calor
It is hot
Hace fresco
It’s brisk/chilly
Graniza
Hay granizo
Está granizando
It is hailing
Hace humedad
Hay humedad
It is humid
Llueve
Está lloviendo

It is raining

Llovizna
Está lloviznando

It's drizzling

Está lluvioso
It is rainy
Hace mal tiempo
The weather is bad
Hay niebla
Está nebuloso

It is foggy

Hay neblina
It is mist
Nieva
Está nevando

It is snowing

Hay nubes
Está nublado
It is cloudy
Relampaguea
Hay relámpagos
It is lightning
Hace sol
Está soleado
It is sunny
Hay una tormenta de nieve
Hay una ventisca
Hace ventisca
There is a blizzard
Hay tormenta

There is a storm
Truena
Hay truenos
Está tronando

There are thunders
It is thundering
Hace viento
Hay viento
Está ventoso
It is windy
Hay un vendaval
There is strong wind

¿QUÉ DÍA HACE?

SpanishEnglish
Hace un buen día
It is a nice/good day
Hace un día estupendo/maravilloso
It is a wonderful day
Hace un día horroroso
It is a terrible day
Hace un día soleado
It i a sunny day
Hace un mal día
It is a bad day

EXPRESSIONS

A lot of colloquial expressions and idioms exist in Spanish for any topic, weather is no different.

SpanishEnglish
¡Cómo pega el Lorenzo!
"How hits Lorenzo!
Lorenzo, which is the sun, is shining hard and thus, it is very hot!
Hace rasca
It is very cold
Hace un calor infernal
It is diabolically hot
Hace un calor que te achicharras
It is as hot that you burn
Hace un día de perros
It is a very bad day
"It is a day of dogs"
Hace un frío del carajo
It is very cold
"It is dam cold"
Hace un frío que pela
It's so cold it burns your skin
Hace un frío que cala
It is very cold
"It is as cold it seeps through"
Hace un sol de justicia
It is super sunny
"It is a sun of justice"
Llueve a cántaros
It is raining cats and dogs
Llueve a mares
It is raining a lot
"It is raining seas"
¡Me aso de calor!
"I am roasting because of the heat!"
It is simply very hot!
Me estoy asando
I am roasting
Me muero de calor
I am dying of heat
Me muero de frío
I am dying of cold
¡Qué calor!
¡Vaya calor!
How hot!
It is really hot!
It is so hot!
¡Qué chaparrón!
¡Vaya chaparrón!
What a downpour!
¡Qué frío!
¡Vaya frío!
How cold!
It is really cold
It is so cold!
Ser un friolero
To be cold-blooded

Climate

Climate is the conditions of the atmosphere over a long period of time. From this definition, we can consider that it is something that usually happens or an event in a permanent state. For this reason, we use the verb ser to describe the climate, since ser indicates permanence.

SpanishEnglish
Es cálido
It is warm
Es caluroso
It is hot
Es fresco
It is cool
Es frío
It is cold
Es húmedo
It is humid
Es seco
It is dry
Es lluvioso
It is rainy

 

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